Fall 2010, Tuesdays 6:00 PM - 8:30 PM
Smith Warehouse, Bay 12, Room 101

Timothy Lenoir
Kimberly J. Jenkins Chair for
New Technologies in Society
lenoir A-T duke D-O-T edu
Smith Warehouse Bay 11 Rm. A231
919-668-1952 (office)
Office hours: TBD
Course email list: TBD

Patrick Herron
Research Analyst/Technologist
Jenkins Collaboratory
patrick D-O-T h A-T duke D-O-T edu
Smith Warehouse Bay 11 Room A-232
919-668-0276 (office)
Office hours: By appointment

 
 


Syllabus

ISIS 263S / LIT 263S
Post-Digital Architectures—Living Machines
Fall 2010 Tuesdays 6:00-8:30 PM
Smith Warehouse, Bay 12, Room 101


This course will explore the impact of advanced technology on conceptions of architectural design, new urban environments, and the cultural imaginary of the body since the mid-1990s. Beginning with theories of postmodernism in architecture we will address the impact of virtuality (immersive digital environments, mixed, and augmented reality) on recent architectural theory and practice in the rise of digital architecture. Exploration of time-based new media, game environments, and virtual worlds technologies in the rise of digital architecture from the late 1990s-2000s will be set in dialog with theoretical readings from Deleuze and Guattari, Liz Grosz, Brian Massumi, Neil Denari, Peter Eisenman, Rem Koolhaas, Greg Lynn, John Rajchman, Gordon Pask, Gilbert Simondon, and others. Our trajectory will take us next to an exploration of programs for post-digital architecture that draw upon emerging fields of synthetic biology, and artificial life including the integration of nanotechnologies, biomimetic technologies, smart materials, and protocells into the design of self-organizing bottom-up designs for living architecture and reflexive environments. Our discussion of post-digital architecture will engage the work of Simondon, Spiller, Armstrong, and others.

Instructors: Timothy Lenoir and Patrick Herron


Download syllabus (pdf; REVISED 07 September 2010 @ 15:00)


Required Texts

De Landa, Manuel. Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy. Continuum Press, 2002.

Deleuze, Gilles. Difference and Repetition. Columbia Univ Press, 1995.

Deleuze, Gilles. The Fold: Leibniz and the Baroque. Univ. of Minnesota, 1992.

Deleuze, Gilles; and Guattari, Felix. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Univ of Minnesota, 1987.

Jameson, Frederic. Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Duke Univ. Press, 1991.


Readings by Week


Week 1: Tuesday Aug 31: Course introduction


Week 2: Tuesday, Sept. 7: Postmodern Origins

  • Jameson, Frederic. Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham: Duke University Press, 1991: pp1-66; 97-130; 260-278; 279-296.
    REQUIRED TEXT
  • Jencks, Charles. The New Paradigm in Architecture: The Language of Postmodernism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002: pp1-24; 53-96; 207-234; 235-264.
  • Johnson, Philip. The Seven Crutches of Modern Architecture. Perspecta 3 (1955): 40-45.
  • Johnson, Philip. Whence & Whither: The Processional Element in Architecture. Perspecta 9/10 (1965): 167-78.
  • Venturi, Robert. Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture: Selections from a Forthcoming Book. Perspecta 9/10 (1965): 17-56.
  • Film: Blade Runner

Week 3: Tuesday, Sept. 14: Digital Postmodern

This week's presentation: Harrison Lee, Justin Flores

  • Lindsey, Bruce. Digital Gehry. Basel: Birkhäuser 2001.
  • Mitchell, William J. Roll over Euclid: How Frank Gehry Designs and Builds. In Frank Gehry, Architect, edited by J Fiona Ragheb. New York: Guggenheim Museum Publications, 2001: pp353-63.
  • Abel, Chris. (1997). Architectural Language Games. Architecture & Identity. Oxford and Boston, Architectural Press: 85-100.
  • Abel, Chris. (1997). Urban Chaos or Self-Organization? Architecture & Identity. Oxford and Boston, Architectural Press: 15-26.
  • Friedman, Mildred. (2001). Architecture in Motion. Frank Gehry, Architect. J. F. Ragheb. New York, Guggenheim Museum Publications: 288-299.
  • Sketches of Frank Gehry. Dir. Sydney Pollack. Sony Pictures Classics, 2006.

Week 4: Tuesday, Sept. 21: Rhizomes and the Machinic Phylum

This week's presentation: NO PRESENTATION

  • DeLanda, Manuel. Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy. London: Continuum Press, 2002.
    REQUIRED TEXT
  • Deleuze, Gilles; Felix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1987: Introduction: Rhizome, pp3-25; November 28, 1947: How Do You Make Yourself a Body without Organs, pp149-166; Conclusion: Concrete Rules and Abstract Machines, pp501-514.
    REQUIRED TEXT

Week 5: Tuesday, Sept. 28: Difference, Repeat, Fold

This week's presentation: NO PRESENTATION

  • DeLanda, Manuel. Deleuze and the Genesis of Form. Art Orbit, no. 1: March (1998).
  • Deleuze, Gilles. Difference and Repetition. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995: Preface, ix-xxii; Introduction: Repetition and Difference, 1-27; Chapter 1: Difference in Itself, 28-69.
    REQUIRED TEXT
  • Deleuze, Gilles. The Fold: Leibniz and the Baroque. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992: pp3-14; 76-84; 85-99.
    REQUIRED TEXT

Week 6: Tuesday, Oct. 5: Digital Architects 1: Peter Eisenman & Neil Denari

This week's presentation: Adam Rottinghaus (M+T), Harrison Lee (M+T)

  • Denari, Neil. Cor + Tex Architecture. Archilab (1999).
  • Denari, Neil. Gyroscopic Horizons. New York Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.
  • Eisenman, Peter. (1999). Diagram: An Original Scene of Writing; Diagrams of Anteriority; Diagrams of Interiority. Diagram Diaries. New York, Universe Publishing: 26-69.
  • Eisenman, Peter. (2004). "Architecture and the Problem of the Rhetorical Figure". Eisenman Inside Out: Selected Writings 1963-1988. New Haven and London, Yale University Press: 202-207.
  • Eisenman, Peter. (2004). "Architecture as a Second Language: The Texts of Between". Eisenman Inside Out: Selected Writings 1963-1988. New Haven and Londo, Yale University Press: 226-233.
  • Eisenman, Peter. (2004). "Blue Line Text". Eisenman Inside Out: Selected Writings 1963-1988. New Haven and London, Yale University Press: 234-237.
  • Eisenman, Peter. (2004). "Misreading Peter Eisenman". Eisenman Inside Out: Selected Writings 1963-1988. New Haven and London, Yale University Press: 208-225.
  • Eisenman, Peter. (2004). "Notes on Conceptual Architecture: Toward a Definition". Eisenman Inside Out: Selected Writings 1963-1988. New Haven and London, Yale University Press: 10-27.
  • Eisenman, Peter. Unfolding Events: Frankfurt Rebstock and the Possibility of a New Urbanism. In Unfolding Frankfurt, edited by Judy Geib and Sabu Kohso, 8-17. Berlin: Ernst & Sohn, 1991.
  • Eisenman, Peter. Visions Unfolding: Architecture in the Age of Electronic Media. In Ars Electronica, 1994.
  • Galofaro, Luca. Digital Eisenman: An Office of the Electronic Era. Basel: Birkhäuser, 1995.
  • Rajchman, John. Constructions. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1997: pp1-36; 91-121.
  • Zellner, Peter. City of Sorts: The Architectural Philosophy of Neil M Denari Redresses the Mythologies of such Cities as Los Angeles and Tokyo. 21 C Magazine, 1997, 66-73.

Week 7: Tuesday, Oct. 12: Fall Break: NO CLASS


Week 8: Tuesday, Oct. 19: Digital Architects 2: Greg Lynn

This week's presentation: Luke Caldwell, John Stadler

  • Cache, Bernard. Framing the Fold: Furniture, Architecture, Geography, and the Pursuit of the Virtual. In The Virtual Dimension: Architecture, Representation, and Crash Culture, edited by John Beckman, 292-303. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1998.
  • Grosz, Liz. Architecture from the Outside: Essays on Virtual and Real Space. Cambridge, Mass.2001: pp75-90.
  • Lenoir, Tim; Casey Alt. Flow Process Fold. Architecture and the Sciences: Exchanging Metaphors. Eds Antoine Picon and Alessandra Ponte. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2003: 314-53.
  • Lynn, Greg. Animate Form. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999: pp8-41.
  • Lynn, Greg. Architectural Curvilinearity: The Folded, the Pliant and the Supple. In Folds, Bodies & Blobs : Collected Essays (1998), pp.109-133. Originally issued in Architectural Design 102. Special Issue: Folding in Architecture (1993): 8-15.
  • Lynn, Greg. Blobwall - Greg Lynn Form. Architectural Design 79, no 2 (2009): 96-99.
  • Lynn, Greg. Multiplicitous and Inorganic Bodies. Assemblage, December (1992).
  • Lynn, Greg. The Renewed Novelty of Symmetry. Basilisk | An Online Journal of Film, Architecture, Philosophy, Literature, Music, and Perception (1995).
  • Lynn, Greg; Mark Rappolt. Greg Lynn Form. New York: Rizzoli, 2008.
  • Massumi, Brian. Interface and Active Space: Human-Machine Design. Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Electronic Art (1995).
  • Massumi, Brian. Realer than Real: The Simulacrum According to Deleuze and Guattari. Copyright (1987).
  • Greg Lynn. (2008). "Fictions". Greg Lynn Form. M. Rappolt. New York, Rizzoli International Publishing: 278-300.
  • Greg Lynn. (2008). "Robots". Greg Lynn Form. M. Rappolt. New York, Rizzoli International Publications: 250-277.

Week 9: Tuesday, Oct. 26: Digital Architects 3: Algorithmic Architecture

This week's presentation: Sign up sheet

  • DeLanda, Manuel. Delueze and the Use of the Genetic Algorithm in Architecture. In Designing for a Digital World, edited by Neil Leach, 117-20. London: John Wiley & Sons, 2002.
  • Iwamoto, Lisa. Introduction. In Digital Fabrications: Architectural and Material Techniques, 4-33. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2009.
  • Iwamoto, Lisa. Folding. In Digital Fabrications: Architectural and Material Techniques, 60-87. Oxford: Elsevier, 2009.
  • Ottchen, Cynthia. The Future of Information Modeling and the End of Theory: Less Is Limited, More Is Different. Architectural Design 79, no 2 (2009): 22-27.
  • Terzidis, Kostas. Algorithmic Architecture. Oxford: Elsevier, 2006. "A Brief History of Algotecture," pp.15-35; "The Intricacy of the Otherness," pp.37-63.

Week 10: Tuesday, Nov. 2: Bio-Architecture

This week's presentation: Lidia Klein (T), Adam Rottinghaus (M)

  • Catts, Oron; Ionat Zurr. Growing Semi-Living Structures: Concepts and Practices for the Use of Tissue Technologies for Non-Medical Purposes. Architectural Design 78.6 (2008): 30-35.
  • Hensel, Michael. (Synthetic) Life Architectures: Ramifications and Potentials of a Literal Biological Paradigm for Architectural Design. Architectural Design 76.2 (2006): 18-25.
  • Hensel, Michael; Achim Menges. Material and Digital Design Synthesis. Architectural Design 76.2 (2006): 88-95.
  • Hensel, Michael; Achim Menges; Michael Weinstock. Towards Self-Organisational and Multiple-Performance Capacity in Architecture. Architectural Design 76.2 (2006): 5-11 .
  • Parisi, Luciano. Symbiotic Architecture : Prehending Digitality. Theory, Culture & Society March 2009 vol. 26 no. 2-3 346-374.
  • Roche, François. Bodies without Organs - Bwo. Architectural Design 78.6 (2008): 68-69.
  • Watts, Bill; Sean Affleck. Living Buildings. Architectural Design 78.6 (2008): 78-79.

Week 11: Tuesday, Nov. 9: Post-Digital Architecture

This week's presentation: Luke Caldwell, John Stadler

  • Armstrong, Rachel. Artificial Evolution: A Hands-Off Approach for Architects. Architectural Design 78.6 (2008): 82-85.
  • Armstrong, Rachel. Designer Materials for Architecture. Architectural Design 78.6 (2008): 86-89.
  • Cruz, Marcos; Steve Pike. Neoplasmatic Design: Design Experimentation with Bio-Architectural Composites. Architectural Design 78.6 (2008): 6-15.
  • Johansen, John M. Nanoarchitecture: A Discourse. (2000).
  • Katavalos, William. Intro to the Organic Manifesto. Interview with Professor William Katavolos at the Pratt Institute School of Architecture. (2009).
    http://vimeo.com/9690365
  • Katavalos, William. Micromation of Architecture and Who Is Next for the Glass Chain? Interview with Professor William Katavolos at the Pratt Institute School of Architecture. (2009).
    http://www.williamkatavolos.org
  • Katavalos, William. The New Palladio, Poesis versus Noesis. Interview with Professor William Katavolos at the Pratt Institute School of Architecture. (2009).
    http://www.williamkatavolos.org
  • Spiller, Neil. Digital Architecture: The History So Far. Digital Architecture Now: A Global Survey of Emerging Talent. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2009, 8-13.
  • Spiller, Neil. Plectic Architecture: Towards a Theory of the Post-Digital in Architecture. Digital Architecture Now: A Global Survey of Emerging Talent. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2009. 362-71.

Week 12: Tuesday, Nov. 16: Bio-Interactive Architecture

This week's presentation: Nate Young (T), Justin Flores (M)

  • Glanville, Ranulph; Albert Müller. Pask Present: An Exhibition of Art and Design Inspired by the Work of Gordon Pask, Cybernetician and Artist. Vienna: Atelier Farbergasse, 2008.
  • Haque, Usman. The Architectural Relevance of Gordon Pask. Architectural Design 77.4 (2007): 54-61.
  • Papadopoulos, Despina. Wearable Technologies, Portable Architectures and the Vicissitudes of the Space Between. Architectural Design 77.4 (2007): 62-67.
  • Pask, Gordon. An Approach to Cybernetics. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1961.
  • Pickering, Andrew. Gordon Pask: From Chemical Computers to Adaptive Architecture. The Cybernetic Brain: Sketches of another Future. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. 309-77.
  • R. Buckminster Fuller. Chapter 10, Critical Path: Part Four. Critical Path. New York City: St. Martin's Press, 1981, pp. 309-346.
  • Stewart Brand. How Buildings Learn. Part 6 of 6: Shearing Layers. BBC TV, 1997.
    http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=2283224496826631552#

Week 13: Tuesday, Nov. 23: Thanksgiving Recess: NO CLASS


Week 14: Tuesday, Nov. 30: Towards a New Design Philosophy

This week's presentation: Marie-Pier Boucher (T), Nate Young (M)

  • Gibbs, Wayt. Evolution in a Bottle. Scientific American 299, no.4 (2009): 18-21.
  • Gibbs, Wayt. Synthetic Life. Scientific American 290, no.5 (2004): 74-81.
  • Jablonka, Eva. Information Is Everything That Can Be Interpreted. Interact or Die. Eds. Joke Brouwer and Arjen Mulder. Rotterdam: V_2 Publishing/NAi Publishers, 2007: 28-43.
  • Nielsen, Peter. A New Molecule for Life? Scientific American 298, no.12 (2008): 64-71.
  • Ricardo, Alonso; Jack Szostak. Life on Earth. Scientific American 299, no.9 (2009): 54-61.
  • Shapiro, Robert. A Simpler Origin for Life. Scientific American 296, no.6 (2007): 46-53.
  • Shaviro, Steven. Simondon on Individuation. Pinocchio Theory (Blog).Monday, January 16th, 2006 (2006): 471.
  • Simondon, Gilbert. On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects (Typescript). Trans. Ninian Mellamphy. Paris: Aubier, 1958.
  • Simondon, Gilbert. Technical Mentality. Parrhesia 7 (2009): 17-27.
  • Simondon, Gilbert. The Position of the Problem of Ontogenesis. Parrhesia 7 (2009 ): 4-16.
  • Stix, Gary. A Simple Mimic. Scientific American 296, no.11 (2007): 23-24.
  • Szostak, Jack; David P Bartel; P Luigi Luisi. Synthesizing Life. Nature 409, January (2001): 387-90.
  • Toscano, Alberto. Technical Culture and the Limits of Interaction: A Note on Simondon. Interact or Die. Eds Joke Brouwer and Arjen Mulder. Rotterdam: V2_Publishing/NAi Publishers, 2007: 198-205.